Greek Ballista

Recruitment Cost 560
Upkeep Cost 110
Missile Damage 180
Range 420
Shots Per Minute 3
Ammunition 15
Melee Attack 9
Weapon Damage 24
Charge Bonus 6
Melee Defence 14
Armour 10
Health 45
Base Morale 40
Strengths & Weaknesses
  • Very accurate
  • Very long range
  • Fast rate of fire
  • Lower damage than other artillery
  • Easily destroyed

At close targets, a ballista could be aimed effectively but accuracy came at a cost in range; it could fire around 500 metres. The machine used two torsion springs with levers inserted into twisted ropes made from animal sinew, giving incredible power for its size. Firing either solid shot or bolts, it was equally effective against infantry or cavalry, but could also be deployed to destroy light fortifications during sieges. Originally developed by the Greeks around 400BC, and based on the oversized Oxybeles composite bow, ballistae were widely used by many cultures of the period, including the Romans. Later Roman versions included adjustable caps that enabled crews to quickly alter the tension of each sinew bundle to provide balance and therefore improve accuracy.